音樂季閉幕音樂會

  • 2022年06月26日 星期日 19:30
  • 購票指南中山公園音樂堂
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導賞   在這場音樂會上,中國愛樂樂團用兩部偉大的音樂作品,致敬20世紀影響最為深遠的作曲家之一——德米特里·肖斯塔科維奇。他是馬勒之后最杰出的交響曲大師,不論交響音樂、室內樂還是爵士樂、電影音樂、通俗音樂,肖斯塔科維奇都用大師的筆觸寫下了大量充滿天才氣息的樂曲,一方面勇敢地擁抱現代派技法,另一方面又為傳統的賦格、帕薩卡里亞等傳統復調形式注入新的活力;他傳奇而坎坷的人生經歷更是直到如今依然為人津津樂道。肖斯塔科維奇是一位永遠不會過時的作曲家,他的作品總能給聽者帶來啟迪與力量。

第一小提琴協奏曲創作于1947年至48年,是他6首協奏曲中編制最大的一首,作品是題獻給小提琴家奧伊斯特拉赫,可惜當作品寫成時,肖斯塔科維奇遭到日丹諾夫批判,他的作品被禁止演出。在此后的8年時間里,作曲家與奧伊斯特拉赫多次對這部作品進行了修改,終于成就了一部精雕細琢的杰作。1955年10月29日,這部作品終于在列寧格勒愛樂大廳進行首演,由奧伊斯特拉赫親自擔任獨奏,穆拉文斯基率領的列寧格勒愛樂樂團擔任伴奏。奧伊斯特拉赫曾說這部作品的小提琴部分是“莎士比亞式的角色”,事實上當我們欣賞這部作品時,很難不被其融合了粗獷的俄羅斯風情與古典悲劇式的博大情懷所感動。

肖斯塔科維奇的第八交響曲創作時間要稍早于第一小提琴協奏曲,它是作曲家在1943年夏天創作的,同年11月由穆拉文斯基指揮蘇聯交響樂團首演,這部作品也是題獻給這位俄國最偉大的指揮家的。作品是用C小調寫成,自從貝多芬第五交響曲之后,這個特殊的調性就被賦予了“悲劇性”的色彩,包括勃拉姆斯第一交響曲、布魯克納第八交響曲等名作都是用這個調性創作的。這部作品也確實是肖斯塔科維奇最具悲劇性的音樂作品之一,但也正因為這部作品,全曲迸發出一種無可阻擋的精神力量,讓半個多世紀以來的音樂愛好者為之著迷。

本場音樂會由中央歌劇院音樂總監、杭州愛樂樂團藝術總監楊洋執棒。曾擔任中國愛樂樂團助理指揮、常任指揮多年的楊洋對于聽眾來說非常熟悉,特別是他指揮演繹的大型交響樂作品每次都給聽眾留下深刻印象。小提琴家萊昂尼達斯·卡瓦科斯是當今最受歡迎的器樂演奏家之一,此前也多次與中國愛樂樂團有過合作,本場音樂會也將是他疫情之后的首次回歸。


音樂季閉幕音樂會

Season Finale


德米特里·肖斯塔科維奇:A小調第一小提琴協奏曲,作品77

德米特里·肖斯塔科維奇:C小調第八交響曲,作品65


小提琴:萊昂尼達斯·卡瓦科斯

指揮:楊洋


小提琴:萊昂尼達斯·卡瓦科斯

萊昂尼達斯·卡瓦科斯 Leonidas Kavakos(希臘,生于1967.10.30-至今)現已成為罕見的優秀小提琴手和藝術家,他以其高度精湛的技巧和音樂才能被大家所熟知。

卡瓦科斯從小便受到輿論界的熱切關注。1985年,卡瓦科斯在西貝柳斯國際小提琴大賽中勇奪桂冠。3年后,他又在帕格尼尼國際小提琴大賽中折桂。這些接踵而來的重量級獎項,使得他經常受邀前往歐洲、北美洲、遠東各國巡回演出,名聲也與日俱增。

如今,卡瓦科斯總是與世界知名的交響樂團以及指揮合作,表演遍布歐洲與北美,并定期在世界范圍內的各大節慶日進行演出,他也在室內音樂以及獨奏音樂中有所建樹。

在最近幾個音樂季中,卡瓦科斯經常同世界一流名團合作:柏林交響樂團、布達佩斯節日樂團、克利夫蘭交響樂團、古斯塔夫?馬勒青年管弦樂團、以色列愛樂樂團、斯卡拉愛樂樂團、萊比錫布店大廈樂團、倫敦愛樂樂團、倫敦交響樂團、馬林斯基歌劇院管弦樂團、北德廣播交響樂團、匹茲堡交響樂團、鹿特丹愛樂樂團、蘇黎世音樂廳管弦樂團。此外,與卡瓦科斯合作的指揮家也是大有來頭:布隆斯泰德、布列茲、多納伊、杰捷耶夫、費舍爾、哈丁、梅塔、蒂勒曼、萬斯卡。

2007年10月,卡瓦科斯繼羅杰?諾林頓爵士后,成為薩爾斯堡室內樂團的藝術總監。在2008/2009音樂季演出中,他與薩爾斯堡室內樂團一同在維也納、雅典、德國演出。此外,他還經常率團前往意大利、德國、西班牙、希臘進行巡回演出。2006年,卡瓦科斯與薩爾斯堡室內樂團在自己家鄉雅典的藝術節上獻藝,演奏了5部莫扎特的協奏曲、指揮了3部交響曲。其中協奏曲與《第39號交響曲》由索尼唱片公司錄制發行,并廣受好評,《星期日泰晤士報》就這樣評價道:“卡瓦科斯對于這部降E大調交響曲的指揮,顯示出其無與倫比的天才,同他作為小提琴家一樣振奮人心”。

作為一名出色的室內樂手,卡瓦科斯同多位音樂家有過愉快的合作:席夫、顧德曼、艾克斯、沃格特、列恩斯卡婭。在2007/2008音樂季節演出中,他在意大利、巴黎、波爾多、馬德里、畢爾巴鄂、哥本哈根、斯德哥爾摩、倫敦巡回演出,并在韋比耶爾藝術節與薩爾斯堡藝術節演出室內樂。

1991年,他所錄制的西貝柳斯《小提琴協奏曲》贏得了《留聲機》雜志頒發的大獎。此外,他錄制的比利時作曲家伊薩伊的奏鳴曲、德彪西、克萊斯勒等人的作品都是不容錯過的精品。而他錄制的巴赫與斯特拉文斯基的作品,得到了《留聲機》雜志的高度贊譽:“卡瓦科斯細致入微的演繹賦予了音樂一種充滿無限感傷的美感……他演奏時所營造出的那份寧靜與細節處的剖析,實在不容錯過”。


指揮:楊洋

生于音樂世家,自幼學習鋼琴,師從鋼琴教育家李其芳教授。后隨指揮家徐新、吳玲芬教授學習指揮,并以優異成績考入中央音樂學院指揮系,師從著名指揮家、中央音樂學院院長俞峰教授。

2006年11月,在希臘舉行的迪米特里·米特羅普洛斯國際指揮大賽中,楊洋以出色的表現和無可爭議的優勢一舉奪得第一名,成為在這項頂級國際大賽中首位獲此殊榮的中國指揮。

作為中國最活躍的指揮家之一,楊洋與國內所有主流交響樂團及歌劇院均保持著密切的合作關系。同時在德國德意志交響樂團、科隆愛樂樂團、斯圖加特愛樂樂團、萊茵國立愛樂樂團、新勃蘭登堡愛樂樂團;意大利維羅納歌劇院、都靈皇家歌劇院、羅馬交響樂團;法國戛納交響樂團、波爾多交響樂團;西班牙瓦倫西亞交響樂團;希臘交響樂團、雅典室內樂團;韓國仁川愛樂樂團等眾多國外樂團及歌劇院也成功的留下了他的足跡。

世界著名大提琴家雷因·哈雷爾、阿爾本·格哈德、王健、娜塔莉婭·古特曼;小提琴家馬克西姆·文格洛夫、吉東·克雷默、宓多里、莎拉·張、奧古斯汀·杜梅、雷納德·卡皮松、林昭亮;鋼琴家加里·格拉夫曼、郎朗、巴瑞·道格拉斯、伊夫·蒂博戴、白建宇、木村峻·帕克;女高音曹秀美;男中音托馬斯·漢普森;單簧管演奏家薩賓娜·邁耶、溫澤爾·福克斯;圓號演奏家拉多萬·弗拉特科維奇、斯蒂凡·道爾等以及幾乎所有一流的中國音樂家都與他有過精誠的合作。

由于指揮大師余隆的慧眼獨具,楊洋于1998年第一屆北京國際音樂節上成功的開始了他的職業指揮生涯,并連續八屆在北京國際音樂節上執棒歌劇與音樂會。2000年-2016年任中國愛樂樂團助理指揮、常任指揮。2006年赴韓國參加由指揮大師鄭明勛主持的大師班。2009年,他參與并主持組建了杭州愛樂樂團。

從2009至今,楊洋即將率領杭州愛樂樂團迎來第十個音樂季。十年中他們成功的在德國麥克倫伯格音樂節、石荷州音樂節、意大利拉維羅音樂節、艾美利亞音樂節、陶爾米納音樂節、斯洛文尼亞盧布爾雅那音樂節等歐洲著名音樂節登臺亮相,并遠赴俄羅斯及愛沙尼亞巡演。2018年楊洋執棒杭州愛樂樂團在希臘、保加利亞、羅馬尼亞、塞爾維亞、匈牙利等一帶一路五國的巡演贏得了歐洲觀眾的喝彩及國內外業界的高度評價與關注。

從指揮生涯開始到2016年任職中央歌劇院至今,楊洋指揮中國愛樂樂團、中央歌劇院及杭州愛樂樂團成功演繹了《費加羅婚禮》、《魔笛》、《茶花女》、《弄臣》、《圖蘭朵》、《蝴蝶夫人》、《藝術家生涯》、《鄉村騎士》、《丑角》、《卡門》等世界經典歌劇,并在國內首演了《夜宴》、《狂人日記》、《紅軍不怕遠征難》、《紅色娘子軍》、《瑪納斯》等中國歌劇。他指揮中央歌劇院《圖蘭朵》、《蝴蝶夫人》、《紅軍不怕遠征難》在瑞士及意大利普契尼歌劇節的成功巡演更彰顯出他在歌劇方面的過人才華。

楊洋現任中央歌劇院音樂總監、首席指揮;杭州愛樂樂團藝術總監、首席指揮。

作為原中國愛樂樂團助理指揮、常任指揮,楊洋曾與中國愛樂樂團有過許多次合作,上一次是在2019年2月24日,他在那場音樂會上指揮了普羅科菲耶夫與柴可夫斯基的音樂作品。

斯蒂芬與約瑟夫·韋恩伯格公司合作出版了許多原創音樂作品和手抄本,2007年3月,由他親自指揮,與史蒂文·伊索利斯和皇家利物浦愛樂樂團合作演出了他的大提琴協奏曲《最孤獨的荒野》的世界首演。同年,他的兩首彌撒:《天真和體驗彌撒》以及《神奇彌撒》分別在在威斯敏斯特修道院和威斯敏斯特大教堂進行首演。

斯蒂芬·賀夫還對當代音樂的發展做出了強有力的推動,喬治·桑塔吉斯、洛厄爾·利波曼恩以及詹姆斯·麥克米蘭這些當代作曲家中的幾位就曾為他寫過作品,或是將要為他創作新的協奏曲。

在結束了與費城交響樂團、芝加哥交響樂團,以及洛杉磯愛樂樂團合作演出與弗萊米爾·朱若斯基指揮的俄羅斯國家交響樂團進行的美國巡演后,今年,斯蒂芬賀夫開始他的澳大利亞演出之旅,之后他在美國的阿斯本音樂節、卡內基音樂廳以及吉爾摩爾國際音樂節開辦個人鋼琴獨奏音樂會。



Dmitry SHOSTAKOVICH: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor, Op.77

Dmitry SHOSTAKOVICH: Symphony No. 8, Op.65


Leonidas KAVAKOS, violin

YANG Yang, conductor


Leonidas KAVAKOS, violin

Leonidas Kavakos is recognised across the world as a violinist and artist of rare quality, acclaimed for his matchless technique, his captivating artistry and his superb musicianship as well as for the integrity of his playing. He works with the world’s greatest orchestras and conductors and plays as recitalist in the world’s premier recital halls and festivals. He is an exclusive recording artist with Sony Classical.

The three important mentors in his life have been Stelios Kafantaris, Josef Gingold, and Ferenc Rados, with whom he still works. By the age of 21, Leonidas Kavakos had already won three major competitions: the Sibelius Competition in 1985, and the Paganini and Naumburg competitions in 1988. This success led to him recording the original Sibelius Violin Concerto (1903/4), the first recording of this work in history, and which won Gramophone Concerto of the Year Award in 1991.

Kavakos is now an exclusive recording artist with Sony Classics. His latest recording, to be released worldwide in October 2019 in anticipation of the 250th anniversary of Beethoven’s birth in 2020, is the Beethoven Violin Concerto which he conducted and played with the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, coupled with the Beethoven Septet played with members of the orchestra. In the anniversary year, Kavakos will both play and play/conduct the Beethoven Violin Concerto with orchestras across Europe and the USA. He will also play the complete Beethoven Sonata cycle in Shanghai and Guangzhou, Milan and Rome, and a number of single Beethoven recitals in various cities including London’s Wigmore Hall, Barcelona, Parma and

Copenhagen.

In 2007, for his recording of the complete Beethoven Sonatas with Enrico Pace, Kavakos was named Echo Klassik Instrumentalist of the year. In 2014, Kavakos was awarded Gramophone Artist of the Year. 

Further accolades came in 2017 when Kavakos was awarded the prestigious Leonie Sonning Prize – Denmark’s highest musical honour, given annually to an internationally recognised composer, conductor, instrumentalist or singer. Previous winners include Daniel Barenboim, Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Alfred Brendel, Benjamin Britten, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Yehudi Menuhin, Simon Rattle, Mstislav Rostropovich, Arthur Rubenstein and Dmitri Shostakovich.

August 2019 was a full and rewarding month: after the Verbier Festival where he appeared in recital with Evgent Kissin and conducted the Verbier Festival Chamber Orchestra in a programme in which he played Mozart’s Sinfonia Concertante with Antoine Tamestit, he joined YoYo Ma and Emanuel Ax at the Tanglewood Music Festival for a programme of Beethoven Piano trios, in a duo recital with Ax of Beethoven Sonatas, and in an orchestral concert with the Boston Symphony in which he played and conducted Beethoven’s Violin Concerto and Dvo?ák Symphony No. 7.

Kavakos was also invited as Artiste Etoile at the Lucerne Festival where he appeared with the Lucerne Festival Orchestra with Yannick Nézet-Séguin, Mariinsky Orchestra with Valery Gergiev, Vienna Philharmonic with Andes Orozco Estrada, and in recital with Yuja Wang.

In the 2019/20 season, in addition to concerts with major orchestras in Europe and the United States, Kavakos will once again join YoYo Ma and Emanuel Ax for three programmes in Carnegie Hall comprising Beethoven trios and sonatas. He will

undertake two Asian tours, first as soloist with the Singapore Symphony and Seoul Philharmonic and in recital in the NCPA Beijing, and then in the spring he performs with the Hong Kong Philharmonic and Taiwan National Symphony Orchestra, prior to

playing Beethoven Sonata Cycles in Shanghai and Guangzhou with Enrico Pace.

In recent years, Kavakos has succeeded in building a strong profile as a conductor and has conducted the London Symphony Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Houston Symphony, Dallas Symphony, Gürzenich Orchester, Budapest Festival

Orchestra, Vienna Symphony, Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Filarmonica Teatro La Fenice, and the Danish National Symphony Orchestra. In the forthcoming season he will return to two orchestras where he has developed close ties as both violinist and conductor: L'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande and L’Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France. This season he also play/conducts the Czech Philharmonic, Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, and the Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI.

Born and brought up in a musical family in Athens, Kavakos curates an annual violin and chamber-music masterclass in Athens, which attracts violinists and ensembles from all over the world and reflects his deep commitment to the handing on of musical knowledge and traditions. Part of this tradition is the art of violin and bow-making, which Kavakos regards as a great mystery and to this day, an undisclosed secret. He plays the 'Willemotte' Stradivarius violin of 1734 and owns modern violins made by F. Leonhard, S.P. Greiner, E. Haahti and D. Bagué.


Yang Yang, conductor

Yang Yang, born in a musical family, learned piano with Prof. Li Qifang. Later, he learned conducting respectively with Prof. Xu Xin and Prof. Wu Lingfen, and then was admitted to the Conducting Department of Central Conservatory of Music, being one of the students of Prof. Yu Feng.

In November 2006, Yang won the first place for his outstanding performance at the Dimitris Mitropoulos International Competition for Orchestral Conducting in Greece. It’s the first time for the Chinese conductors to have such honor.

As one of the most active young conductors in China, Yang has maintained close partnership with all mainstream orchestras and opera houses domestically. Meanwhile, he has successfully left tracks at a host of foreign orchestras such as Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, German Philharmonic Orchestra of Cologne, Stuttgarter Philharmoniker, National Rhine Philharmonic Orchestra, New Brandenburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Italian Verona Opera House, Teatro Regio Torino, Italian Rome Philharmonic Orchestra, French Cannes Symphony Orchestra, Bordeaux Symphony Orchestra, Valencia Orchestra of Spain, Greek Symphony Orchestra, Athenian Chamber Orchestra and Korean Incheon Philharmonic, etc.

He had sincere cooperation with world famous musicians such as cellists Lynn Harrell, Alban Gerhard, Wang Jian, Natalia Gutman, violinist Maxim Vengerov, Gidon Kremer, Midori, Sarah Chang, Augustin Dumay, Lenard Karpison, Cho-Liang Lin, pianists Gary Graffman, Lang Lang, Barry Douglas, Jean-Yves Thibaudet, Kun-Woo Paik, Jon Kimura Parker, soprano Sumi Jo, clarinetists Sabine Meyer, Wenzel Fuchs, French horn players Radovan Vlatkovic, Stefan Dohr, etc. Yang had also cooperated with all Chinese distinguished musicians.

Recommended by maestro Yu Long, Yang started his conducting career in the year of 1998, at the First Beijing International Music Festival (BMF). Since then, he conducted operas and concerts at BMF eight years consecutively. From 2000 to 2016, Yang Yang held the position as the Assistant Conductor and Resident Conductor of the China Philharmonic Orchestra (CPO). In 2006, Yang Yang attended an advanced training course hosted by maestro Myung-whun Chung in Korea. In 2009, he has presided over the founding of Hangzhou Philharmonic Orchestra (HPO).

Since 2009, Yang Yang and HPO had successfully completed ten music seasons, and performed at leading festivals including Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Festival, Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival, Ravello Festival, Emilia Romagna Festival, Taormina Festival, Ljubljana Festival. He also toured with HPO extensively in Russia and Estonia. In 2018, Yang toured with HPO to Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Hungary, the Belt and Road countries, winning great applause and high critical acclaim at home and abroad.

From his conducting career to 2016, when he was appointed as Music Director and Chief Conductor of China National Opera House, Yang had conducted China Philharmonic Orchestra, China National Opera House and Hangzhou Philharmonic Orchestra and successfully demonstrated many of the great operas, such as Le Nozze di Figaro, Die Zauberfl?te, La Traviata, Rigoletto, Turandot, Madama Butterfly, La Bohème, Cavalleria Rusticana, Pagliacci, Carmen, as well as many Chinese opera’s debut in China including Night Banquet, Wolf Cub Village, Songs Of The Long March, The Red Detachment of Women and Manas. Yang toured with China National Opera House to Swiss and Italy for Giacomo Puccini Opera Festival with Turandot, Madama Butterfly and Songs Of The Long March successfully, which drew broad attention internationally and showed his outstanding talents in opera conducting.

Yang Yang is now acting as Music Director and Chief Conductor of China National Opera House, Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of Hangzhou Philharmonic Orchestra.

Former Assistant Conductor and Resident Conductor of the China Philharmonic Orchestra, Yang Yang has collaborated with the orchestra countless times. The last time was on February 24th, 2019 when he conducted compositions by Prokofiev and Tchaikovsky.

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